Experienced installers will run voice and data wiring from the closet to every workstation, cubicle, office, and conference room in your facility. If necessary, the network cabling services vendor will install hardware such as patch panels and conduits, or complete rack systems for streamlined wire management.
The installer clearly labels each wire and data port in the telecom closet and server room. This makes it much easier to locate the appropriate components if you need to make changes or fix problems.
Once the wiring is in place, the installer thoroughly tests the wires to verify everything works properly and adheres to national and local codes. Using special equipment approved by the EIA or TIA, the installers test for point-to-point connectivity and signaling speeds, certify all new and existing data ports, and correct any problems they find. The process is similar in new installations and upgrades of existing cabling.
Types of cabling
Single-Mode Cable is a single strand (most applications use 2 fibers) of glass fiber with a diameter of 8.3 to 10 microns that has one mode of transmission; it has a higher bandwidth than multi-mode fiber, but requires a light source with a narrow spectral width.
Multi-Mode Cable has a slightly larger diameter, with common diameters in the 50-to-100 micron range for the light carry component (in the US the most common size is 62.5um). Multi-mode fiber gives you high bandwidth at high speeds (10 to 100MBS - Gigabit to 275m to 2km) over medium distances.
- Thinner & Light Weight
- Higher Carrying Capacity
- Less Signal Degradation
- Light Signals
- Low Power
- Digital Signals
There are three common types of “Cat” (cable and telephone) cables -- twisted copper wires for voice and data transmission:
Cat 5 – This structured cable is found in older wiring setups. Manufacturers still support Cat 5, however rarely produces this type of cable. It is upward compatible with Cat 5e and acceptable for low-bandwidth applications when not rewiring. Future projects require Cat 5e or higher.
Cat 5e – Capable of 100 MHz transmissions, Cat 5e is a common cabling solution for most businesses. It fulfills the majority of cabling needs and is compliant with most local building and installation codes.
Cat 6 – Offers twice the performance of Cat 5e however carries twice the price tag. Cat 6 is best suited for complex applications such as VOIP connectivity. Cat 6 offers higher data rates than its predecessors. It is backward compatible with Cat 5e and provides greater bandwidth thus preparing you up for future needs.
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